Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose | Biography Facts of Netaji

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was a prominent figure in India’s fight for independence from British rule and was a key leader in the Indian Nationalist Movement. Born in Cuttack, India, on January 23, 1897, Bose died under mysterious circumstances on August 18, 1945. He was a leader who had a magnetic personality and often sparked debate due to his tactics in the quest for independence. He initially supported Mahatma Gandhi’s approach to nonviolent resistance. Still, he adopted a more aggressive strategy, including establishing the Indian National Army to fight against the British during World War II.

1. An Outstanding Scholar and Philosopher.

Subhas Chandra Bose was an exceptional scholar who consistently achieved top rankings throughout his educational journey, both in school and university. In 1918, he graduated with honors in Philosophy, obtaining a first-class degree.

2. Creator of India’s Iconic Slogan.

One of India’s most renowned slogans, “Jai Hind,” was created by Bose, who also chose Rabindranath Tagore’s ‘Jana Gana Mana’ as the national anthem of his preference.

3. Imprisoned 11 Times.

From 1921 to 1941, Bose has repeatedly imprisoned a total of eleven times due to his stance for full independence.

4. A Young Leader as Calcutta’s First Mayor.

At 27 years old, on April 24, 1924, Bose was named the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation of Calcutta by C. R. Das, serving as Calcutta’s first Mayor.

5. A Vienna Legacy, From Writing to Romance

Vienna held a special place in Bose’s heart, as he spent considerable time there in the 1930s and received major surgery in 1935. He utilized his time in Vienna to write his significant work, “The Indian Struggle.” Furthermore, it was in Vienna that he met Emilie Schenkl, his life partner, in 1934.

6. A Battle Cry for India’s Freedom Under Bose’s Leadership.

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose changed the name of the Indian National Army to Azad Hind Fauj and announced the new battle cry for the army: Chalo Delhi, Chalo Delhi.

7. The Mysterious Death of Subhas Chandra Bose: Fact or Fiction?

The death of Subhas Chandra Bose remains a mystery in India. It was reported that he died from third-degree burns after his overloaded Japanese plane crashed near Taiwan. Still, his supporters disputed this news, and conspiracy theories surrounding his death have persisted.

8. Bose’s Tribute to Gandhi: “Patriot of Patriots”

Despite being opposed to Gandhi’s philosophies, Subhas Chandra Bose still referred to him as the “Patriot of Patriots.” This distinction was remarkable, considering Bose’s unwavering commitment to India’s independence and his willingness to make any sacrifice for his country.

9. Hunger Strikes for Political Prisoners’ Rights.

Subhas Chandra Bose staged two hunger strikes while in prison. The first was in Mandalay, Burma, in 1926, to protest the denial of political prisoners’ right to celebrate Durga Puja in jail. The second was in 1940, to challenge his illegal and unjust detention.

10. Netaji’s Life in Germany.

Netaji lived in Germany from April 1941 to February 1943 and married Emilie Schenkl, of Austrian descent. They had a daughter named Anita Bose, who became a well-known German economist. Emilie Schenkl Bose never visited India.

In conclusion, Many immortal heroes laid down their lives for India’s freedom. Among them, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose played an important role. Bose’s many struggles are not recorded, but his movements are a recognition of the freedom of Mother India.

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